Total Retail Sales of Consumer Goods refer to the sum of retail sales of commodities sold by wholesale and retail trades, hotel and catering services, and other industries to urban and rural households for household consumption and to social institutions for public consumption. Of which, the ratail sales to households refer to the amount of money of commodities of daily use sold to the urban and rural households. The ratail sales to social institutions refer to the amount of money of commodities sold to the government agencies, social organizations, military units, schools, institutions, neighbourhood (village) committees on public funds for the pupose of non-production and non-operation usage and public consumption. Total retail sale of consumer goods include the amount of money of commodities sold to the urban and rural households for daily consumption and the amount of money of construction materials for building and repairing houses, the amount of money of comsumer goods sold to foreigners, overseas Chinese and Chinese compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, the amount of money of commodities sold to the social organizations for the purpose of non-production and non-operation usage and public consumption.
Total Purchases of Commodities refer to the total value of purchases of commodities by enterprises (establishments) from other establishments or individuals (including direct import from abroad) for the purpose of re-selling, either with or without further processing of the commodities purchased. The commodities include: (1) commodities purchased from agricultural and industrial producer, wholesaler, retailer, publishing hourse and other service business; (2) commodities purchased from institutions and government departments; (3) confiscated goods purchased from the custums authorities or market management agencies; (4) second-hand goods and wastes purchased from residents.
Total Sales of Commodities refer to value of commodities sold by the establishments to other establishments and individuals (including goods sold for self consumption, including the value-added tax). The commodities include: (1) commodities sold to urban and rural residents and social groups for their consumption; (2) commodities sold to establishments in all industries for their production and operation, including agriculture, industry, construction, transportation, post and telecommunications, catering services, and public utility including commodities sold to wholesale and retail establishments for re-selling, with or without further processing; and (3) commodities for direct export to abroad.
Total Stock of Commodities refers to total commodities possessed by wholesaler and retailer of various types of registration status at the end of the reference period, reflecting the commodity stock level of various wholesaler and retailer and the potential for market supply. It includes: (1) commodities located in storage, garages, counters, and shelves of operating places (such as sale stores, wholesale centres, and operating offices); (2) commodities in the process of being selected, sorted, and packed; (3) commodities not arrived but recorded as purchase in the account, i.e. commodities not arrived but payment receipts for the commodities from the sellers or the banks arrived; (4) commodities deposited in other places rather than places mentioned above, for instance: commodities in the hold of purchasers temporarily due to the refusal of payment and commodities not taken back after going through the formalities; (5) commodities entrusted to other units to sell but not sold yet; (6) commodities purchased for other units but not delivered yet. Commodities not included as stock are those not owned by the enterprises (units), commodities on commission for processing but not yet delivered, imported commodities of agency of foreign trade enterprise but not yet delivered to ordering units and finally those put in stock on behalf of the state material reserves units.
Volume of Transaction at Large Commodity Markets with Transaction Value over 100 Million Yuan refers to the commodity markets with an annual transaction of over 100 million. The commodity market refers to the markets approved and managed by related departments, where there are fixed sites, facilities, managers and administration offices, where there are a certain number of traders to operate for three month and above or all the year, where the commodities including the articles for daily comsuption and capital goods and services are traded in a centralized, independent and open way., Such market includes markets of daily goods and market of capital goods, etc.
Chain Enterprises(also called chain stores or chain corporations) refer to a form of joint economic entities under which scattered enterprises or establishments engaged in providing homogeneous commodities or services, with the central leadership of core enterprise or headquarters and guided by common policies, conduct centralized purchase and distributed selling of commodities, in order to gain better efficiency through standardized operation. Consisting of a number of branch stores, the chain stores have in general following features: 1) homogeneous commodities, 2) unique name of stores, 3) centralized purchase and delivery which is separated from distributed selling operation (most commodities are delivered from the headquarters except some items which, from logistics, quality or freshness considerations, might be delivered by the suppliers directly).
Chain stores have two categories:
a) Chain stores under direct management: These are formal chain stores invested or controlled by the headquarters. They operate under the direct and unified management from the headquarters.
b) Chain stores through license arrangement: Through contracts, chain stores (their owners) obtain licenses from the headquarters to use designated Trades marks, names, operation know-how, and to sell the commodity developed by the headquarters. Under this arrangement, each store in the chain is an independent legal entity and operates under the guidance from the headquarters.
Number of Tourists Visitor
arrivals refer to the number of foreigners, Chinese compatriots from Hong Kong,
Macao and Taiwan Chinese (mainland) who come to China (mainland) for
sight-seeing, vacation, visiting relatives, medical treatment, shopping,
attending conference, or to engage in economic, cultural, sports and religious
activities. In compiling statistics, each time of entering
Foreign Exchange Earnings from International Tourism refer to the total expenditures of foreigners, overseas Chinese, Chinese compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan during their stay in the mainland of China, which are earnings of foreign exchange from international tourism from the point of view from China.